The present district of Panchkula has a mixed type of economy. But of a total population of 319398 about 31.03 % of its population has been enumerated as main workers in the district against 28.64% for the state as a whole at the time of 1991 census. In the district 29.78% of its main workers are engaged in agriculture activities which includes cultivators and agriculture’s against 37.54% fro the state as a whole which explains subsistence type of agricultural activities as well as diversification of economic activities in the district. The proportion of the main workers engaged in household industry is 1.83% in the district against 2.18% for Haryana. The percentage of main workers in manufacturing, processing servicing and repair (other than household industry) is 13.26% in Panchkula district against 9.60 for the state. The proportion of main workers in construction, trade and commerce, transport, storage and communications is relatively high in the district than the state figures.
The district serves as important link between the hills and the plains. The present district of Panchkula remained industrially backward particularly till the beginning of the twentieth century. Its manufacturing units were few and unimportant. The Panchkula town of the district had made rapid progress in the field of industrial development since it came into existence on 3rd July 1989. The district now has a prominent place in the industrial map of Haryana. Panchkula urban estate, H.M.T., Pinjore and Surajpur are important industrial centers. It also keenly promotes animal husbandry, fisheries and forestry, which plays a subsidiary but an important role in agriculture economy. Irrigation in the district depends on tubewells. The percolation wells are also located in plain areas where sub-soil water is not too low. Kuhl irrigation is also prevalent in hilly tract of the district. The major Kharif crops are Sugarcane, paddy, maize while minor or subsidiary crops are chilies, pulses, vegetables etc. The major Rabi crops are wheat, gram, barley and oilseeds while minor Rabi crops are barseem, methi, onion and other winter vegetables.